SOCIAL:  Farmers’ livelihoods are under increasing threat from climate change and volatile global commodity prices. 78% of the poorest people worldwide live in rural areas, work mainly in agriculture and receive a small percentage of the market value of their crop.

ECONOMIC:  Rice husk is an undervalued resource. 100 million tonnes are produced every year and often sold at low prices for animal bedding, domestic fuel or energy for the larger mills.  A large percentage of the husk accumulates as waste and is burnt in the fields.

ENVIRONMENTAL:  Burning rice husk generates high levels of smoke and ash which is difficult to dispose of. The high silica content makes it difficult to degrade naturally, causing pollution to water and soils as well as contributing to poor air quality in many countries.